New Delhi: Onam is considered to be the most important festival in the southern Indian state of Kerala. The last day of this festival lasting 10 days is very special, which is called Thiruvonam. According to the Malayalam calendar, Thiru Onam is worshipped when Shravan/Thiruvonam Nakshatra prevails in the month of Chingam. That is why in Malayalam, Shravan Nakshatra is known as Thiruvonam. In the year 2020, this special festival has started on Friday, 21 August and 31 August means today is its last day.
Why do you celebrate festivals?
The story of this festival is also related to the Vamana avatar of Vishnu. It is believed that once a year, King Bali from the Hades comes to the earth to meet his subjects. On this day, they are welcomed with the worship of Vamana avatar and King Bali, in whose joy this festival is celebrated with great pomp and gaiety. At the same time, this festival has a deep connection with agriculture. On this day, farmers also celebrate in the joy of growing new crops.
10 days festival
God is worshipped in different ways for 10 days in Onam Mahotsav which is as follows –
1. Etham 2. Chithira 3. Chodhi 4. Visakam 5. Anizham 6. Thriketta 7. Moolum 8. Pooradam 9. Uthiradam 10. Thiruvonam.
New year starts
According to the Malayalam calendar, this festival takes place in the first month, Onam is also the beginning of New Year for the people of Malayali Hindu religion. The festival begins with the Trikkara Vamana temple in Kerala, its first day is called Uthiradam and the second day is called Thiruvonam.
Rangoli has special importance in the courtyard of the house
Like the Deepavali festival celebrated in northern India, the houses are decorated as soon as the Onam festival begins. During this time many people make Rangoli in the courtyard of the houses, which is called Pookalam. This Rangoli is small on the first day, but with every day a row is given in this Rangoli, due to which its size becomes very large on the 10th day. At the same time, some people are also lit with rangoli at this festival.
A banquet is done on banana leaves
There is a tradition of making Sadhya Thali on this festival. There are 26 types of vegetarian dishes prepared in Sadhya Thali, which are served on banana leaves in a systematic way. This includes rice, coconut milk and jaggery, especially kheer.